Crate Training is
one of the most efficient
and effective ways to train a puppy or dog.
The single most important aspect of dog and puppy training is that you
reward and praise your dog or puppy each and every time she does the
right thing. For example: praise her when she chews her own toys instead
of the couch or eliminates outside instead of in the house. The more
time you spend with your puppy or dog, the quicker and easier it will be
to train her.
The key to house training is to establish a routine that increases the
chances that your dog will eliminate in the right place in your
presence, so that she can be praised and rewarded; and decreases the
chances that your dog will eliminate in the wrong place so that she will
not develop bad habits.
It is important that you make provisions for your dog when you are not
home. Until your dog is housetrained, she should not be allowed free run
of your house. Otherwise, she will develop a habit of leaving piles and
puddles anywhere and everywhere. Confine her to a small area such as a
kitchen, bathroom or utility room that has water/stain resistant floors.
Confinement is NOT crate training.
What is Crate Training?
Crate training can be an efficient and effective way to house train a
dog. Dogs do not like to soil their resting/sleeping quarters if given
adequate opportunity to eliminate elsewhere. Temporarily confining your
dog to a small area strongly inhibits the tendency to urinate and
defecate. However, there is still a far more important aspect of crate
If your dog does not eliminate while she is confined, then she will need
to eliminate when she is released, i.e., she eliminates when you are
present to reward and praise her.
Be sure to understand the difference between temporarily confining your
dog to a crate and long term confinement when you are not home. The
major purpose of confinement when your are not home is to restrict
mistakes to a small protected area. The purpose of crate training is
quite the opposite.
Short term confinement to a crate is intended to inhibit your dog from
eliminating when confined, so that she will want to eliminate when
released from confinement and taken to an appropriate area. Crate
training also helps teach your dog to have bladder and bowel control.
Instead of going whenever she feels like it, she learns to hold it and
go at convenient scheduled times.
Crate training should not be abused, otherwise the problem will get
drastically worse. The crate is not intended as a place to lock up the
dog and forget her for extended periods of time. If your dog soils her
crate because you left her there too long, the house training process
will be set back several weeks, if not months.
Your dog should only be confined to a crate when you are at home. Except
at night, give your dog an opportunity to relieve herself every hour.
Each time you let her out, put her on leash and immediately take her
outside. Once outside, give her about three to five minutes to produce.
If she does not eliminate within the allotted time period, simply return
her to her crate. If she does perform, then immediately reward her with
praise, food treats, affection, play, an extended walk and permission to
run around and play in your house for a couple of hours. For young pups,
after 45 minutes to an hour, take her to her toilet area again. Never
give your dog free run of your home unless you know without a doubt that
her bowels and bladder are empty.
During this crate training procedure, keep a diary of when your dog
eliminates. If you have her on a regular feeding schedule, she should
soon adopt a corresponding elimination schedule. Once you know what time
of day she usually needs to eliminate, you can begin taking her out only
at those times instead of every hour. After she has eliminated, she can
have free, but supervised, run of your house.
About one hour before she needs to eliminate (as calculated by your
diary) put her in her crate. This will prevent her from going earlier
than you had planned. With your consistency and abundance of rewards and
praise for eliminating outside, she will become more reliable about
holding it until you take her out. Then the amount of time you confine
her before her scheduled outing can be reduced, then eliminated.
Mistakes and Accidents During Training
If you ever find an accident in the house, just clean it up. Do not
punish your dog. All this means is that you have given her unsupervised
access to your house too soon. Until she can be trusted, don't give her
unsupervised free run of your house. If mistakes and accidents occur, it
is best to go back to the crate training. You need to more accurately
predict when your dog needs to eliminate and she needs more time to
develop bladder and bowel control.
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Is Socialization a Part of Dog Training?
Why Does My Dog Smell Stinky Stuff? -
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Your Dog -
Dog about Biting, Mouthing and Teething
Coprophagia/Eating Feces - What to do!
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Dog to Stop Excitement Urination